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Bulletin 163 (3rd quarter 2015)
BR-297 Birth of the European Satellite Navigation Constellation
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ESA BR-297 Birth of the European satellite navigation constellation
17 October 2011
The first element of Europe’s global satellite navigation system is on its way: the four Galileo In-Orbit Validation (IOV) satellites that form the operational nucleus of the full constellation, launched two each by two Soyuz rockets.
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